The Guadalcanal Campaign is also known as the Operation Watchtower and the Battle of Guadalcanal. It was fought between 7 August 1942 and 9 February 1943. The Battle of Guadalcanal was fought in the World War II on the island of Guadalcanal. This battle is known because it was the first major offensive on the Empire of Japan by Allied forces. Allied forces landed on the islands of Guadalcanal on 7 August 1942. The main goal was to take over the control over those islands, because Japanese forces could control supply routes between New Zealand, Australia and US.
The second goal of this campaign was to use islands of Guadalcanal as bases for support attack on Rabaul on New Britain. This was a Japanese base. After the landing, Allied forces took over the control over the islands. They fought against outnumbered Japanese soldiers who take over the control over the islands in May 1942. The airport on the Guadalcanal was under construction. Japanese forces wanted to gain the island and the airport back, so they launched several attacks between August and November 1942. There were 7 naval battles (large) and 3 land battles (major). Also, aerial battles were fought almost every day. This ended with the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal in November the same year.
Allied had on their disposal 60.000 soldiers. They lost: 7.100 men, 29 ships and 615 aircrafts. Only 4 men were captured. On the other side, the Empire of Japan had: 36.200 soldiers. They lost 31.000 men, 38 ships and between 683 and 8870 aircrafts. 1.000 soldiers were captured.
Posted by Ken Martin 6/25/15