El Nino development is hitting the economy of many tropical countries. The coffee growing belts in the Colombia have not been watered enough to survive in last two weeks. As the El Nino effect goes stronger, the experts have said that there will be less rainfall during the harvest time. This means there will low coffee production in the region. Carlos Armando Uribe, top agriculture scientist from the National Coffee Federation informed that low precipitation would trigger crop damages and harm to crops by pests. Colombia produces top class Arabica coffee.
Most conservative estimated pointed at the production of 12.5-13 million 60-kg bag coffee. Uribe further added that it will definitely rain but not sufficient enough to maintain good moisture in the soil. The risk is not that high as of now. Central Andean region grows highest coffee beans in the country. If there are no showers from top, the soil in the northern region dries out very fast. The harvest period begins in September and if it doesn’t rain enough, the coffee beans won’t grow up to its full size. Cesar and La Guajira provinces’ Agustin Giraldo Gomez said that farmers are very tense about the situation as there are no signs of rains since last two months.
Gomez is coffee federation’s leader from the region which produces around a quarter million bags. The warm Pacific Ocean has created El Nino, the effect which results in less precipitation in the Central America. Brazil, world’s largest coffee producer is also worried about the condition.